Ha Giang

Ha Giang

 Area:                 7,914.9

 Population:     758,000 million

 Language:       Vietnamese

 Currency:         VND

Ha Giang is a mountainous province where is a habitat of many minority groups, such as Muong, Tay and H Mong. Ha Giang shows a beautiful picture of nature and people living harmoniously, even there is still poverty and some lives under the living standard, but this area always fulfills with smiles and hospitability. It is also an ideal place to take trekking and hill tribe tours.
Ha Giang Overview
Located at the highest latitude in Vietnam, Ha Giang is surrounded by Cao Bang on the east, Tuyen Quang on the south, Lao Cai, and Yen Bai on the west. It shares a border with China in the north (274km boundary). 
Ha Giang's complicated topography is divided into 3 areas. The area on the south has rocky mountain, separated rivers. The west area has sloping mountain side, high pass, valleys, and narrow springs. The lowland area includes hills, a valley of Lo River, and Ha Giang Town.
Ha Giang History
In the past, Ha Giang belonged to Tan Hung, one of the 15 cantons of the Van Lang kingdom, and then led by the three leaders of the Thai ethnic group. Until early 15th century, Ha Giang was called Nguyen Binh and Nguyen Binh Chau in 1473.

At the end of the 17th century, the leader of the Thai ethnic people offered Ha Giang to the Chinese people who returned it to Vietnam in 1728. In 1895, the border between Ha Giang and China has been set as in the maps today.

After 1954, the Ha Giang province created Ha Giang city as its capital and four districts: Bac Quang, Dong Van, Hoang Su Phi and Vi Xuyen.

December 15th, 1962, Dong Van district was divided into three districts, namely  Dong Van, Meo Vac and Yen Minh. Vi Xuyen district was divided into two districts, such as Vi Xuyen and Quan Ba. April 1, 1965, the district of Hoang Su Phi was divided into two districts, Hoang Su Phi and Xin Man.

After 1975, Ha Giang has adhered to the Tuyen Quang province to create the province of Ha Tuyen. November 18, 1983, Vi Xuyen district was divided into two districts which are Vi Xuyen and Bac Me.
Ha Giang climate & best time to visit

Normally It has two seasons, dry and monsoon, depended on the altitude of the region. For example, In Cao Bo district, dry season lasts from mid-September until the end of May, and the balance period of the year is the rainy season. However, in Du Gia district the wet season sets in one month earlier.

The average annual temperature in the provincial capital of Ha Giang is 22.7°C (73°F); the monthly averages range from a low of 15.48°C (59.86°F) in January to a high of 27.88 °C (82.18°F) in July.

The best time to come to Ha Giang is in November when the rice is in the harvest, flower blooms in the field and the rainy season is over, and it is also a good time to take trekking tours.

Ha Giang Transportation
Ha Giang town is 318 km from Hanoi, and it takes 6 hours to drive through National Highway 2. Moreover,  road conditions from Hanoi to Ha Giang is pretty good, there are public buses starting at Luong Yen station in Hanoi every day, international visitors to Ha Giang are recommended to travel by private car in order to visit the remote villages in the mountain districts.
Bus: From Hanoi to Ha Giang, you must pass more than 300 kilometers to the town then turn up 4C province deeply in the remote of arctic land.
Things to do and see in Ha Giang

Quan Ba Valley
Quản Bạ Valley, far 45 km from Ha Giang, is called the "Heaven's Gate". It is well known for its secret grottoes and caves, colorful orchids, plum and peach trees, persimmon orchards, medicinal plants and much more. Trekking through the valley is a nice idea which should not be forgotten.
Dong Van Highland
Dong Van, a market town which is far16 kilometers (9.9 mi) from Sa Phin and 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) from Chinese border is inhabited by Tay People and Hmong. The highland region is famous for fruits such as Hau plums, peaches and persimmons without seeds. It also has many medicinal plants (ginseng, cinnamon, and anise).
Meo Vac
Meo Vac is a mountain pass at about 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) elevation which forms the basin boundary of the Nho Que River on the border with China is restricted zone.

The market held at Khau Vai which is about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Meo Vac, is where once a year on the 27th day of the third month of the Lunar calendar is known famously as the Khau Vai “Love Market.” The ethnic clans of White Hmong, Tay and Lolo congregate here, particularly the young people assemble here in search of life partners or to exchange partners.

Ha Giang Travel Tips
Ha Giang is very close to China because of its long border. You can pass the border to visit China, but need permission from Ha Giang military commander. 
And even when having the permission, you should also know where are you going if don’t want to be lost to China, that will be very big trouble.
You should bring jacket, comfortable pair of shoes and hat because they may work when you stay in here. One more point, Ha Giang is an ideal place to challenge yourself with a long trail of cycling which is the most favorite sport of travelers.
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