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Ha Noi

Ha Noi

 Area:                 329,314 sqkm

 Population:     94,5 million

 Language:       Vietnamese

 Currency:         VND



Hanoi, well known as the most peaceful city in the World, is the capital of Vietnam which is a beautiful country in South East Asia. This city is famous for not only its charm but also the 4000 years of deep culture. Walking around in Old Quarter, looking smiles in faces or just tasting some street foods surely makes travelers love this city at first sight.
Hanoi Overview
Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam, and it is well known as a peaceful capital in the World. Hanoi is must see destination for Vietnam classic tours.

Hanoi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Hanoi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day,
Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Ngu.
Hanoi History
The site where Hanoi stands today has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. Emperor Ly Thai To moved his capital here in AD 1010, naming it Thang Long (City of the Soaring Dragon). There should be some spectacular celebrations in honor of the 1000th birthday of the city in 2010. The decision by Emperor Gia Long, founder of the Nguyen dynasty in 1802, to rule from Huw relegated Hanoi to the status of a regional capital for a century.
 
Down the centuries, Hanoi has been called many names, including Dong Kinh (Eastern Capital), from which the Europeans derived the name they eventually applied to all of northern Vietnam – Tonkin. The city was named Hanoi (The City in a Bend of the River) by Emperor Tu Duc in 1831. From 1902 to 1953, Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina.
 
Hanoi was proclaimed the capital of Vietnam after the August Revolution of 1945, but it was not until the Geneva Accords of 1954 that the Viet Minh, driven from the city by the French in 1946, were able to return.
 
During the American War, US bombing destroyed parts of Hanoi and killed hundreds of civilians; almost all the damage has since been repaired. One of the prime targets was the 1682m-long Long Bien Bridge, originally built between 1888 and 1902 under the direction of the same architect who designed the Eiffel Tower in Paris. US aircraft repeatedly bombed the strategic bridge, yet after each attack, the Vietnamese managed to improvise replacement spans and return it to road and rail services. It is said that the US military ended the attacks when US prisoners of war (POWs) were put to work repairing the bridge.


Hanoi climate & best time to visit

Hanoi has four seasons in one year. Springtime runs from February to April, when warmer temperatures are accompanied by more rain, up to 80mm in April.

The southwest monsoon summer months of May to September can get uncomfortably hot (temperatures into the mid-30s) and humid with heavy rains, especially in July and August when each month gets an average 320mm of rain.

The autumn months of September to November are generally sunny and mild.
The best time to travel to Hanoi in Vietnam are these months of January, February, October, November and December having nice weather with a good average temperature.

Hanoi Transportation
Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports in the country with various international and domestic routes.

Hanoi Railway Station is Vietnam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Vietnam.
Things to do and see in Hanoi
Hoan Kiem Lake 
Lake of the Restored Sword was once part of the Red river (song Hong). Throughout thousands of years of geographical changes, the lake moved eastward to its present position kilometers from the river.
Before the famous historical legend of King Le Loi here, Hoan Kiem Lake used to be called Luc Thuy Lake (or Green Water Lake) since the water was green all the year round. In the 15th century, it was named Hoan Kiem Lake after the legend of Emperor Le Thai To, which is somehow similar to the story of King Arthur and the Lady of the Lakes. Therefore, Hoan Kiem Lake becomes a famous attraction which is must see in all Hanoi package tours.

West Lake 
West Lake, also called Ho Tay, is the biggest lake in central Hanoi, covering 500ha, and it was once a resort for mandarins and kings. Today, many hotels of all sizes surround the lake. Visitors can go sightseeing and enjoy typical dishes, such as Ho Tay shrimp cakes, Ho Tay snail noodles, and Ho Tay fish dishes.
 
Co Loa historical site 
It is one of the famous attractions in many Hanoi package tours, Co Loa is located on the triangle terrain of 03 communes of Co Loa, Duc Tu and Viet Hung in Dong Anh district, which is 17km away from the northern of Hanoi City. Co Loa Citadel is completely different to other historical relics because it is a special complex spreading throughout a very large area of approximately 500 ha.

This relic is considered as the special cultural cradle of both Hanoi City and Vietnam generally. In the past, Co Loa was the capital of Au Lac Kingdom –
An Duong Vuong dynasty (3rd century BC) and of Dai Viet kingdom – Ngo Quyen dynasty (10th century).

Co Loa is a vestige and prominent evidence that still exist until now. Co Loa Citadel is regarded as “the most ancient citadel with the largest size and highest scale, its design is also listed into a unique citadel in Vietnam’s history of constructing ramparts during the old days”.
 
Hanoi flag tower
Hanoi Flag Tower is situated in Dien Bien Phu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi which was built in 1812 under King Gia Long’s reign, Nguyen Dynasty in the northern part of Thang Long Imperial Citadel where Tam Mon Palace under Le Dynasty had been built. This tower marked the beginning point of the southerly central axis, followed by Doan Mon Gate and Kinh Thien Palace – the central and most important point. Hanoi Flag Tower remains an undamaged and the most imposing structure in the entire Thang Long Imperial Vestige.

History of Military Museum 
Also popularly known as Military Museum, this is one of the oldest museums in Hanoi. It is particularly interesting to see and important for those wishing to learn about Vietnam, because most of the country’s history is about war and fighting for independence. 
 
There are both indoors and outdoors sections with a display of military-related artifacts. Its exhibition dated back to as early as Hung Vuong Era, which is considered the start of Vietnam as a country. The first thousand years of being colonized by Chinese is elaborately depicted, as well as the century struggle against French colony.
 
Kim Lien Pagoda  
Kim Lien Pagoda (also known as Dai Bi Tu, Dong Long Pagoda) is situated in Nghi Tam village, Tay Ho District, Hanoi. In the 13th century in the Tran Dynasty, the pagoda was constructed on the foundation of Tu Hoa Palace which was built by King Ly Than Tong for his Princess Tu Hoa. In 1771, Lord Trinh Sam ordered to renovate the pagoda and changed its name to Kim Lien. The pagoda is dedicated to both Buddhist and Princess Tu Hoa
 
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum 
Located at No.19 Ngoc Ha Street, Ba Dinh, the mausoleum is home to the bodies of President Ho Chi Minh. And Ba Dinh Square, located in front of the mausoleum, is the location of many important events such as the parade in the national day celebrations. Here is also the place where leader Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It is a must see attraction once taking a Hanoi package tour.
 
Tran Quoc Pagoda 
Tran Quoc Pagoda is one of the oldest ones in Vietnam, located near West Lake, at the end of Thanh Nien Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. The pagoda was built in the Ly Nam De period (541-547) near the Red River. Then, in 1615, it was moved to this place. Tran Quoc Pagoda has secluded and quiet tower garden, many valuable statues of Buddha, especially is Thich Ca statue. The pagoda is the cultural-historical relic.
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Vietnam Museum of Ethnology 
In 1978, the Museum Department was established within the Ethnology Institute that belonged to The Vietnam Social Sciences Commission (now the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences). At that time, The Museum Department was assigned to prepare the future Museum of Ethnology.

The Museum Department received 3000 objects from the National Museum of History, most of them costumes. In 1986, the Viet Nam Government approved a 3.27 ha area on which to build the museum. In 1990, the construction of the museum started and the office buildings were finished in 1995. In 1997, the exhibition building was completed with a total of 2,480 m2, including 700 m2 for collection storage. 
Hanoi Travel Tips
The road condition in Hanoi is dramatically crowded due to thousands of bicycles, motorbikes along the way. Thus, taxi, cyclo, and car with Vietnamese driver are the best way to travel around Hanoi.
 
There are reliable taxi companies operating within the city and they are all metered including Airport Taxis, Hanoi Taxi, and Mai Linh Taxi. Cyclos often wait for outside hotels and restaurants and a fare should be negotiated to your destination before setting off.
 
If you are confident on a motorbike, it is possible to rent them from shops around the Old Quarter. You will need an international driving permit and a helmet, but it is recommended to be slowly and watch out when you are out of the street.
 
Hoan Kiem lake
Hoan Kiem Lake, also known as Hồ Gươm, is a lake in the historical center of Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. The lake is one of the major scenic spots in the city and serves as a focal point for its public
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Trấn Quốc Pagoda
Tran Quoc Pagoda, the oldest pagoda in Hanoi, offers beautiful architecture, historic artifacts and a peaceful and serene environment.
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Hanoi Opera House
The beautiful Hanoi Opera House was built in 1911 by the then ruling French. It’s a French architecture featuring Gothic themes on the doors and domes with pillars, shuttered windows, balconies and a glass room. Musicians, actors and dancers play to a 600-strong audience delivering powerful operatic and classical performances, making it a very popular theatrical attraction.
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Temple of Literature
The Temple of Literature is a Temple of Confucius in Hanoi, northern Vietnam. The temple hosts the Imperial Academy, Vietnam's first national university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of Emperor Lý Thánh Tông.
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