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Hai Phong

Hai Phong

 Area:                 589.23 sqkm

 Population:     103,000 million

 Language:       Vietnamese

 Currency:         VND

Hai Phong is a large city with an important seaport of Vietnam. Hai Phong is near Quang Ninh Province to the north, Hai Duong Province to the west, and Thai Binh Province to the south.
Hai Phong Overview
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Hai Phong History

Hai Phong ranks amongst the largest cities in Vietnam and boasts a busy port with a recorded history dating back to 43 AD. In this year, the city was founded by a female military general, Le Chan, a semi-mythical figure who had been part of a Vietnamese revolution against a Chinese force. She was led by the legendary Trung sisters, who remain heroines today.


The city also served as an important coastal defence during the Mac Dynasty (from 1527 to 1592), when it was the second capital. In fact, the city's name can be translated as 'coastal defence'. The Tra Phuong Pagoda (renamed as Thien Phuc) was rebuilt at the request of Dang Dung, the founder of the Mac Dynasty, and dates back to this era.


THE NGUYEN ERA


Emperor Tu Duc is considered to be the last emperor of Vietnam, with Duc having reigned until his death in 1883. Towards the end of his reign, the An Duong district headquarters were relocated to the Hang Khen Communal House. The current Hang Khen Communal House was built in 1841 and remains one of Hai Phong's most-visited historical sites. The communal house was constructed to remember Ngo Quyen, a celebrated general who led the Vietnamese to victory over the Chinese in 938 AD.


DEVASTATING TYPHOON AND FRENCH OCCUPATION


One of the most devastating events in Hai Phong history occurred on 8th October 1881, when some 300,000 people are believed to have perished in one of the most violent cyclones in recorded history. This devastation was followed by the French gaining control over Vietnam in 1885 and forming French Indochina.


After the French established Hanoi as the political centre of French Indochina, Hai Phong unsurprisingly became its naval centre, being just 125 km / 78 miles from Hanoi.


THE VIETNAM WAR TO THE PRESENT


Hai Phong hosted North Vietnam's sole port during the Vietnam War and as such, the port was regularly bombed during the conflict. However, US forces were prohibited from attacking the city itself and Hai Phong recovered quickly upon reunification in 1975.


It has gone on to become the second-largest economic centre in the north, with agriculture, fisheries and manufacturing all playing a large part in the city's healthy economy. The modern history of Hai Phong has documented a shift towards tourism, with the city now considered to be the gateway to Halong Bay, a UNESCO World Heritage site.


STRUGGLES FOR INDEPENDENCE


The Japanese were granted access to the city by the French during WWII. Following the end of the war in 1945, Vietnamese attempts to regain independence were quashed. This was one of the bloodiest times in the history of Hai Phong, as French forces took revenge on the city's residents for the death of three French soldiers.


They bombed Hai Phong and engaged in house-to-house combat on the ground, helping to spark the First Indochina War.

 
Hai Phong climate and best time to visit
Because of the proximity to the East Sea, Hai Phong's weather is affected by inter-tropical monsoons. The annual average temperature varies between 23ºC and 24ºC
Hai Phong Transportation
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Things to do and see in Hai Phong
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Hai Phong Travel Tips
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