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Quang Tri

Quang Tri

 Area:                 4,746  sq.km

 Population:     1.237 million

 Language:       Vietnamese

 Currency:         VND

Quang Tri was ever the bloodiest battlefield during Vietnam War. In spite of many years over, ruins of war still stay in this area and become unforgotten memories. Visiting this place is a nice chance to learn touched stories of local residents.
Quang Tri Overview
Quang TriProvince in the North Central Vietnam is a coastal province with a 75 km coastline and a border with Laos to the west. It is a hilly province which has the narrow coastal strip with forest on the mountain slopes. Normally streams and small rivers flow eastwards to the sea and the many valleys are susceptible to flooding in the monsoon season.

Perhaps, Quang Tri was the bloodiest battlefield during the Vietnamese War, and the ruins of War stills
leaves painful impacts on this area. Thousands of teenagers and young people stayed at this land forever and never came back. Nowadays, Quang Tri is well known as a must-see destination once taking Vietnam culture tours and DMZ tours.
Quang Tri History
In the immediate prehistorical period, the lowlands of Quang Tri and central Vietnam as a whole were occupied by Cham peoples (Champa), speaking a Malayo-Polynesian language, and culturally distinct from the Vietnamese to the north along the Red River. The Qin conquered parts of present day Central Vietnam at the end of the 3rd century BCE and administered the indigenous peoples of the area through a commander, Rinan, for several centuries.

A rebellion by the Cham in the 2nd century CE overthrew Chinese control and reestablished local government. Beginning in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Chams were defeated in the area by Vietnamese armies, and ethnic Vietnamese gradually displaced or absorbed those Chams who had not fled. Over time a distinct Vietnamese dialectical and cultural subgroup developed in the area. The region was seized by the French by 1874. In 1887 it became part of French Indochina, i.e. the Annam protectorate.


Upon the division of Vietnam in 1954 into North and South, Quang Tri became the northernmost province of the Republic of Vietnam. Beginning 1964, the province gradually became a center for American bases, particularly after October 1966, when the 3rd Marine Division moved to bases just south of the demilitarized zone. In 1966, North Vietnamese forces also began occupying the northern region and pushing deeper into the province.

The provincial capital, Quang Tri City, was overrun and occupied briefly by Communist troops in April 1967 and was a principle battleground during the 1968 Tet Offensive when it was again overrun by North Vietnamese troops and held for a short period before being recaptured by the South Vietnamese government and U.S. forces. The Battle of Khe Sanh (1968) was a part of the North's steady efforts to occupy the whole of the province. After Khe Sanh was evacuated in July 1968, the North Vietnamese continued their efforts to take the entire province. The most notable achievement of the North Vietnamese
Quang Tri climate and best time to visit
Like the most province in Vietnam, Quang Tri has two main seasons. Frist, The dry season lasts from May to August with average temperature 28 degree Celsius; however, the hottest time is June and July with the peak temperature 40 degree Celsius. Second, the rainy season is from September to November, the average temperature is 24 degree Celsius.
 
Normally the best time to travel to Quang Tri is from December to March, the weather is quite comfortable and suitable for enjoying cultural activities. 
Quang Tri Transportation
Road
Quang Tri is 600 km from Hanoi and almost twice the distance from Ho Chi Minh City in the south. The road and rail systems within Vietnam, north to south, are fairly good while Da Nang at 190 km away even allows for direct international flights.
 
In
reality, Vietnam classic tours will arrange every part of your travel. Additionally, the bus services are good and generally fairly comfortable.
Things to do and see in Quang Tri
Quang Tri Citadel
Quang Tri Citadel, situated in the central of Quang Tri Town, was a military bastion and an administrative head office of Nguyen Dynasty in Quang Tri Province (1809 -1945). Quang Tri Citadel was built in 1824, during the 4th year of the reign of Minh Mang.
The citadel had a style of Vauban architecture with its circuit of 2,160 m – one door each side. There were four fortresses jutting out from each four corners to control the four citadel gates. Inside was the town palace surrounded by a system of thick walls with a circuit of 400m. The town palace was a three-roomed house whose two wings were used as places for the King to worship, and to give promotions to his inferiors or to occasionally celebrate festivals. Outside the town palace, there were a flagpole and castles such as TuanVu, An Sat and Lanh Binh and a rice store, etc and under the French domination, soldier camp and tax agency were added. However, there are no remains of the past there nowadays – due to the destruction of U.S bombs in the hot summer of 1972.
The citadel has gone down in history as a glorious period of the nation’s war against foreign invasion. The Vietnamese people are proud of it, and foreigners admire it.
Looking at its walls riddled with bullet holes, visitors will feel how devastating the war was. In order to commemorate the soldiers’ meritorious service, a monument was set up in the center of the citadel as a symbol of the indomitable spirit of the Quang Tri people and army and as a token of gratitude to the sacrifices of the fallen soldiers for the independence and freedom of the nation.

Vinh Moc Tunnels
Vinh Moc Tunnels is situated in Vinh Linh Village, Vinh Thach Commune, Vinh Linh District, Quang Tri Province. Vinh Moc Tunnels - a place well-known as an underground village constructed to avoid bombardments during the American War (1965-1966).
Situated 13km east of the national Highway 1A and just 6km away from the sea, Vinh Moc Tunnels has become a favorite destination for foreign tourists, especially American war veterans.
The spectacular tunnel network stands as a testament to the endurance, wisdom, and bravery of the local people in their fight for independence. The tunnels used to be thousands of meters long. But now there remain only 1,700m. This underground network is linked with 13 doors (seven opening to the sea and six to the hills). The structure is divided into three layers, the deepest being 23m underground. They are connected by a 768m main axis that is 1.6 to 1.8m high and 1.2 to 1.5m wide. It is linked to the sea by seven exits, which also function as ventilators and to a nearby hill by another six.
Along the two sides of the main axis are housing chambers. There is also a large meeting hall with a seating capacity of 50 to 80 people, which was used for meetings, movies, art performances, surgeries, and even the delivery of babies (17 were born here). There are also four air wells, two watch stations, and three water wells. The village featured unique Hoang Cam stoves, named after the general who invented the store to allow for underground cooking without emitting smoke, thus evading the discovery by bombers.

Our lady of La Vang
La Vang is a Catholic church in central Vietnam located in La Vang village, Quang Tri Province. It was destroyed during the Vietnam war by the American bombardments in 1972: it remains today only the steeple and the wall on which it leans.
Our Lady appeared to the Vietnamese parishioners in moments of extreme misery, culminating in La Vang. La Vang is a name derived from the name of a deep forest in central Vietnam (now Quang Tri town), where there are many types of plants called La Vang (Leaves Vang). According to another explanation, La Vang is the resounding shriek of the mountains, or the screams of the people when there are wild animals. La Vang also means “crying”, asking for help from those who are persecuted.
The tradition of Our Lady of La Vang dates back to the time when Catholics were executed in Vietnam. Many people sought refuge in the rain forest of La Vang, and many became very ill. They were praying when a lady appeared, wearing the traditional Vietnamese áo dài dress and holding a child in her arms, with two angels beside her.
The people present interpreted the vision as the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus Christ. They said that Our Lady comforted them and told them to boil leaves from the trees for medicine to cure the illness.

Hien Luong bridge and Ben Hai river
Ben Hai River has its source from An Nam Mountain to Cua Tung Beach, about 100 km. It is the most typical river associated with Quang Tri. Hien Luong Bridge is a bridge across the Ben Hai River that divides this river in half. This bridge was built for pedestrians in 1928.
This is an important place in the history of resistance against the French colonialism of our people. The Geneva Agreement of 1954 chose the Ben Hai River and Hien Luong Bridge as temporary military roads and until the spring of 1954, this line was officially destroyed. This is why this place plays an important role in the years of fighting for the unity of our people.

Cua Tung Beach
Located in Vinh Linh district, Quang Tri province. At Cua Tung, near the mouth of Ben Hai River is a beautiful small beach. This beach is not long and not very big, but it has a special beauty. Its sand is smooth and silky, emerald water and light breeze blow gently throughout the year.
Cua Tung is a truly vivacious, changing color from hour to hour under sunlight. It’s romantic to go down by boat along the Ben Hai River and admire the beautiful scenery from here. From Hien Luong Bridge, the boat slid gently on the stream, among the waves, in the murmur of the wind.

 
Quang Tri Travel Tips
Normally Quang Tri's weather is hot in summer. If you take Quang Tri tour package, you should bring a hat, an umbrella and nice pairs of shoes. 

If you love culture and want to learn more about Vietnamese history, you should bring camera and record to save the value information.
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