Area:                 181,035 sqkm

 Population:     14.5 million

 Capital:              Phnom Penh

 Language:        Khmer

 Currency:          Reil

Cambodia is not only one of the most colorful travel destinations in the region but also one of the fascinating countries in the world boasting truly spectacular sights. Heir to the ancient Khmer Empire, modern-day Cambodia is benefiting from two decades of relative stability, having endured civil war and the murderous rule of the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s.
Cambodia Overview
The capital and largest city are Phnom Penh, the largest religious complex in the world, the temples of Angkor in the west, the beaches of the southern coast and the ethnic minorities of the North-eastern provinces.

Cambodia's landscape is characterized by a low-lying central plain that includes the Tonle Sap basin and the upper reaches of the Mekong Delta and the Bassac River Systems, which crosses the country from North to South. Two third of the country's population live in the lowlands, where the rich sediment deposited during Mekong's annual flooding makes the agricultural lands highly fertile. 
Its geographical location makes Cambodia an easily accessible ecotourism destination for travelers in neighboring countries and other parts of the world. Tourists visit Cambodia are not only attracted by the stunning wonderful temples, ancient cities and but also by the friendly people and cultures of the country; as a result, Cambodia package tour is now hotter than ever.

Cambodia History
The history of Cambodia began in the first century A.D with the establishment of a State called Funan. Funan is still renowned as being the oldest Indianized State in the whole of Southeast Asia. Modern day Khmer customs and language evolved from this period in time.

Sanskrit, which is part of the
Mon Khmer family dialect, was the written and spoken language of that time. The officially known religion began with Hinduism, which over the years evolved into Buddhism. Distinct characteristics of that period still remain today. These features can be recognized in ancient buildings, and ancient farming methods, as well as country clothing.

The State of Funan was situated in what is known today as the southern province of and lasted for a period of 600 years. This dynasty gave way to the powerful Angkor Empire that was eventually responsible for establishing the Khmer Kingdom, as we know it today.

The following generation of powerful kings that belonged to the Angkorian dynasty
are believed to have come from India and Javanese part of today’s Indonesia. The dynasty reigned for a period of 650 years, and their empire covered much of South East Asia, as we know it today. Their territory stretched from Burma, which lies east, to the South China Sea and further north, right up to Laos.

Khmer kings, during this golden period of rule, built the most ornate and extensive temples or
prasats known to mankind. These spectacular constructions were built throughout the kingdom, Angkor Wat, is of course the most famous. Amongst the most successful of the Angkorean kings was Preah Bat Jaya Varman II, Preah Bat Indra Varman I, Preah Bat Surya VarmanII, and Preah Bat Jaya Varman VII. Besides building the most majestic monuments on earth, they were also responsible for huge agricultural feats of engineering which included sophisticated irrigation systems, great water reservoirs, and countless canal systems that guaranteed food transport. Some of these systems are still in use even today.

Angkor became the capital of a great kingdom and the
centre for government, education, religion, and commerce. However, in the late 13th century a sudden shift of power took place. Angkor was invaded and eventually, completely ravaged. Mankind’s most predominant creation on earth was plunged into total destruction. The entire population and wealth of a once proud civilization was abandoned and covered by tropical forest.

Following the abandonment of Angkor, Cambodia’s capital population migrated south to Long Vek, then further to Ou Dong, and eventually to Phnom Penh. The destruction of the mighty Angkorian capital also caused a decline, adaptation, and eventual replacement of Hinduism. Theravada Buddhism became the national religion.

From the 15th century to the 17th century, Cambodia often found itself encroached by neighboring Thai and Vietnamese forces. They
resisted, but eventually succumbed to a European colonial power. In 1863, Preah Bat Norodom signed a Protectorate Treaty which France, which consequently placed Cambodia under French rule for the next 90 years.

After the death of Preah Bat Norodom in 1904, Preah Bat Sisowath, cousin to King Norodom, was subsequently crowned as the new king of Cambodia.

However, the throne returned to the Norodom family with the following coronation of Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk, our current monarch, in 1941. At that time he was only 18 years old.

Shortly after that, during the Second World War in 1945, the Japanese ousted the French. King Norodom Sihanouk took the opportunity to free Cambodia from foreign control. For many years following, His majesty campaigned tirelessly for this
objective, and was eventually rewarded. Cambodian was granted its independence in 1953. The Independence ceremony marked the end of 90 years of French protectorate rule. In 1959, King Norodom Sihanouk abdicated the throne, turning the position of Kingship over to his father, Preah Bat Norodom Soramarith. Then, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, became the Head of State and ruled the government.

From 1950 through to 1970, the Kingdom of Cambodia was self-sufficient and prosperous. It excelled in many areas of development. Cambodia was then known as the jewel of the Orient.
Unfortunately the prosperity was very short lived. As war started to escalate in Vietnam, Cambodia’s borders increasingly became the targets of American and Vietnamese aggression. On March 18th, 1970, General Lon Nol, backed by the Americans, overthrew the Head of State Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Consequently, Cambodia became deeply involved in the war, fighting mainly against the Khmer Rouge fighting faction, Lon Nol’s control over Cambodia’s government lasted for a period of barely five years, being eventually overthrown by the Khmer Rouge, headed by Pol Pot on the 17th of April 1975.

History repeated itself once again as soon as Pol Pot invaded. The entire population evacuated the city leaving a once vibrant capital in ruin and decay. After the evacuation, The Khmer Rouge tricked Prince Norodom Sihanouk
in to returning to Phnom Penh to be Head of State, but he was not allowed to Phnom Penh to be Head of State, but he was not allowed to leave the Palace walls-in effect he was placed under house arrest. The Khmer Rouge then proceeded to implement a “reign of terror” on Cambodia’s entire population. People were brutally forced to work as slaves in the rice fields. These people had to endure long periods of hard, painful labor while effectively being starved at the same time. Pol Pot’s Kampuchean force labor camps tortured, killed or starved to death an estimated 2 million people, including women and children who they savagely put to death indiscriminately.

In 1989, the Vietnamese withdrew from Cambodia and the country was
re-named “State of Cambodia.” In 1991, a Paris Peace Accord created the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC) which was backed by some 22,000 United Nations troops to prepare the first, free and fair general election. In May 1993 UNTAC supervised Cambodia’s first general election. Preah Bat Norodom Sihanouk Was subsequently re-instated as King. A second general election was held in July 1998.

Today, the Kingdom of Cambodia is once again a peaceful place to visit. It is, at present, in the process of getting rebuilt. Cambodia now incorporates a Constitutional Monarchy State with His Majesty Norodom Sihanouk effectively remains the symbol of national unity for the people of Cambodia who hold him dear to their hearts.

                                                                        Source from Ministry of Tourism of Cambodia.
Cambodia climate & best time to visit
Cambodia's climate has two distinct seasons which are the wet and the dry season. The rainy season, which blows from May to October, ringing with it some three-quarters of Cambodia's annual rainfall. During the rainy season, the temples of Angkor are at their most beautiful, which makes for some good photographic opportunities. This season is also known as "the green season" because the vegetation is deep green and the wet stone of the temples is at its most colorful. 

The dry season lasts from November to April, when the dusty northeast monsoon arrives. This season coincides with Cambodia’s peak tourist season when travelers arrive in their droves between November and January to take advantage of the lack of rain, enjoy the sun and the relatively cooler months. Cambodia's beach strips at Kep, Sihanoukville and Ko Kong bask in brilliant sunshine with clear calm waters and if you're a beach person, the dry season is the best time for you.
Cambodia Transportation

By plane

There are only three operational airports for passengers flights in Cambodia with commercial flights. Phnom Penh International Airport is the largest airport in Cambodia. Cambodia's second largest airport is Angkor Internation Airport in the major tourist city of Siem ReapBoth airports have a good range of services, including restaurants, bars, shops, and ATMs. Sihanouk International Airport is Cambodia's third largest international airport.


Motorcycle Taxis

Motorcycle Taxis knew as the most common way to get around in Phnom Penh, Angkor Wat, Siem Reap and other Cambodian cities and towns. They are fast but frightening (although they drivers will slow down and drive more carefully if you ask them.). Helmets usually aren't available. Most people in Phnom Penh and the Angkor Wat hire a motorcycle and driver for the day for between $5 and $10. Always negotiate the fare in advance. Arrangements are usually made with the hotels or drivers that hang around outside the hotels. Fares vary depending on distance and weather but should always be cheaper than a tuk-tuk.



Tuk-tuk is really a stylized two-wheeled carriage that is drawn by a motorcycle at front. These two-wheeled carriages pulled behind a motorcycle are a breezy way to travel and are safer than going by motorcycle, because they go at about half the speed.  It is most popular to those who want to make their transportation in the city easy



Things to do and see in Cambodia

Sihanouk ville

Tonle Sap

Banteay Srei


Kep Beach

Oddor Meanchey

Preah Vihear

Stung Treng

Silver Pagoda

Bayon Temple

Siem Reap




Kampong Cham

Svay Rieng

Bokor Hill Station

Angkor Wat


Koh Kong

Kompong Chhnang



Cambodia Travel Tips


Cambodia Trades In US Dollars If you’re an Australian in Cambodia, you may cry every time you make an ATM withdrawal. With the exchange rate being so poor (at the time of writing this), if you withdraw $200, you’ll be debited almost $280 including the ATM fee of $5, which is standard across most banks in Cambodia.
Minimize fees by limiting ATM withdrawals or avoid taking out small amounts of money. If you pay for your expenses with a credit card, check what fees will be added – most charge 2-3%. The good news is that food in Cambodia is very cheap, and delicious. Breakfast is included with the cost of most accommodation, and when eating out, 5 meals and drinks costs around $30 USD (sometimes less) at most reputable and family friendly restaurants.

Getting Around With Tuk Tuks are how people get around in Cambodia. When getting picked up at the airport, your hotel may send a tuk-tuk. If you have a family of four people or more, check that the hotel will be sending you two tuk-tuks. Four people plus luggage will not fit in one tuk-tuk. Most hotels offer a free airport pick-up and drop-off, if not by tuk-tuk, by car.
But beyond that, everyone gets around in a tuk-tuk — and it’s a great way to get right amongst the action. If your hotel or accommodation doesn’t include free tuk-tuk rides (a fair few do), then most trips around town should cost $2 USD one way, or if you go a bit further outside of town, $3 USD. Some cheeky drivers will try to get more out of you, but know that this is the going rate, and you can easily hop out and say you’ll just get another one.


Grab A SIM Card For Data Cambodians don’t always speak great English, so having data on your phone makes life so much easier. You can show tuk-tuk drivers where you need to go by putting in restaurants or attractions into Google Maps. It will only cost you $5 USD for a basic plan for travelers, allowing for 1.5 gigs. There are Smartphone shops everywhere, and they offer a reliable service.

Most holidaymakers travel to Cambodia via plane, which is fine. However many travelers are attracted to the super cheap prices to bus into Cambodia via countries like Vietnam.
However, the ground border is full of corrupt officials. Even those who organized their visa before they arrived, they ended up getting scammed into buying it again. It’s very hard, they speak little English (apparently) and refuse to let you get away without paying what they ask. Don’t let things like this put you off Cambodia. Corrupt systems are not a reflection of a country or it’s people. For the record, a tourist visa is currently $30USD (extendable once), and an ordinary visa (extendable indefinitely) is $35USD.
Which is true — there are not really any hotels with kids clubs or playgrounds. But that doesn’t mean you can’t have an amazing time here with children of all ages. To make the most of it, be sure to choose a place that has spacious rooms, a pool and other activities kids can enjoy.
Some offer pool tables (for older kids), cooking classes and other activities. You can also do all of these things outside your hotel too. So while it may not be a big family destination, there is so much you can do, that it doesn’t really matter.

Phnom Penh has the best indoor play center I have ever seen! It’s located in an ultra-modern, newly built shopping center named the Aeon Mall. It’s just like you would expect to see in Australia. Decked out with the latest brand names, you can even get a Boost Juice! Our eyes literally fell out of our head — after 6 months of travel around South East Asia, it felt like home. Even some of Cambodia’s medical facilities can be surprising. If you do your research, there are dental clinics and doctor’s surgeries which are run by western trained doctors (including expats from all over the globe). So if you’re ever in trouble, you can relax in the knowledge that there are quality trained professionals around. Locally operated hospitals and traditional Cambodian doctors and dentists should be avoided; hygiene standards are not the same as back home. 


It’s not hard to be nice to these really amazing people, but the sad fact is that they are usually grossly underpaid. One of the staff at a hotel we visited confided that he earned $30 USD per month. My heart sank. We asked how he lived on that amount of money, and he answered that he doesn’t eat breakfast, and the rest of his diet is often rice and vegetables. Truly heartbreaking. It’s not expected to tip, but generosity is certainly not lost in Cambodia.

If you need (or want!) to extend your visa beyond your initial 30 days, you can get this done via a travel agent. Your hotel or accommodation will usually know an agency they trust, and it will be done within a week. Just be sure you have copies of all your passports before you hand them over, in case they happen to go missing. If you want to extend your visa, expect to pay $45 USD.

Pursat is the fourth biggest province of Cambodia. The province is located in the western part of the country and borders clockwise from the north with Battambang, the Tonle Sap Lake, Kompong Chhnang, Kompong Speu, Koh Kong, and Thailand. Pursat offers a perfect access to both the Tonle Sap (just 35km far) and the Cardamom Mountains (right to the West). The name of Pursat refers to a type of tree.
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Koh Kong
Koh Kong is the most southwestern province of Cambodia. It is one of the biggest provinces in the whole country with a long undeveloped coastline and a mountainous, forested and largely inaccessible interior, which embraces part of the Cardamom Mountains, the biggest coherent rainforest of Southeast Asia. Its tourist attractions include abundant wildlife; big waterfalls and casinos on the border to Thailand, while an Export Processing Zone and new port facilities are being developed for international trade.
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Svay Rieng
Svay (pronounced Swai) Rieng is on of the smallest and sleepiest Cambodian provinces that just happen to have one of the country's busiest highways running straight through - National Highway No 1, which links Phnom Penh and Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam just after you cross the Mekong River by way of the Neak Loeung Ferry. It is also one of the poorest provinces of Cambodia due to the poor quality of the land. Most of the provincial population eke out a subsistence living based on farming and fishing.
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Takeo Province is full of other interesting sights as well and because of the short distance and good road from Phnom Penh, all are great day trips. Some sights can be combined in a day trip. If you have a bit more time, spend an evening in Takeo town and take in all the sights. There is a pleasant little place to stay overlooking the river and lake area.
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    Phnom Penh and Siem Reap Tours have everything from backpacker party pads to hip hotels, world-class wining and dining across a range of cuisines, sumptuous spas, great shopping, local tours to suit both foodies and adventurers, and a creative cultural scene that includes Cambodia's leading circus. And 4 days Phnom Penh and Siem Reap tour package will be the best choice to explore those cities.
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    The temples of Angkor, Siem Reap was always destined for great things. Visitors come here to see the temples, of course, but there is plenty to do in and around the city when you're tempted out. Siem Reap has reinvented itself as the epicenter of chic Cambodia, and all will be in 4 days must see Cambodia tour package.
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    3 days Angkor Temples tour package discovery offers a significant glance at this ancient temple where has been known as a mysterious place and inspiration of famous films. You will take many activities which create a chance to find and learn culture and custom of the beautiful Cambodia.
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    South East Asia, A land rich in culture and stunning scenery rewards the visitor with some of the most uncommon vacation experiences in the world. 17 days tour explore Myanmar, Vietnam and Cambodia offers a unique glimpse into its storied past and graciously balancing ancient traditions with modern society.
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    16 days journey to Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Myanmar is like traveling in a time capsule to see, feel and taste Southeast Asia as it was half a century ago. Countries offer a unique glimpse into its storied past, graciously balancing ancient traditions with modern society while racing to catch up with the outside world.
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    12 days beautiful Cambodia and Vietnam package tour offer a wonderful journey from modern cities to ancient towns, and from a forest to the sea. It is time for deep discovery culture, custom and natural beauty of these countries. Do not stop to write new chapters in your traveling story.
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    5 days glance at Laos and Cambodia offers wonderful moments to explore UNESCO World Heritage Sites, namely Luang Prabang and Angkor temple. Your journey is to discover ancient atmosphere floating in the air as well as busy life in the night market. It can't stand to wait for this tour package.
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    15 days Vietnam to Cambodia tour are a joyable moment to explore most popular sites of the countries for a combination of Indochina holidays package. It will offer a journey from modern cities to ancient towns, and from a forest to the sea. Let you a chance to discover the highlights of Vietnam and Cambodia within 15 days tour.
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